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Making Primer Powder or Compound


Making  |   Measuring  |   Primer Powder  |  Formula Calculator

Most Primer Compound, for caps, bullets, and shotshells, are made using Lead Styphnate; otherwise known as 2,4,6, Trinitroresorcinate which is made from Styphnic Acid. Because it is a Lead based material, it is being phased out. Diazodinitrophenol (DDNP) is another compound - more suitable.

In my search for a safer Primer Compound, I found a mixture that uses Potasiumchlorate, Antimony Sulfide, and Sulphur. I also found a mixture that is the same, except it does not use Sulphur. Unfortunately, I have not found a recipe for this mixture.

Oh by the way, In my searches, I discovered that one needs a License to purchase Primer Compound, and a License to sell Primer Compound, and a License to Manufacture for commercial selling. There are no laws prohibiting making your own, that I have found, but there are restrictions of some of the ingredients. So for restricted ingredients, you will have to make them yourself.

If you are in a pinch, and need to reload your existing primers, it can be accomplished. There are videos on youtube.com that show how to use the material on match heads for that, and also how to use cap pistol "caps". They are shown to actually work.


Diazodinitrophenol Recipies
Also refered to as Diazol and Dinol

Diazodinitrophenol (DDNP) is a yellowish brown powder. It is soluble in acetic acid, acetone, concentrated hydrochloric acid, and most non-polar solvents but is insoluble in water.



The first formulation comprises:

  diazodinitrophenol 27% 5
  tetrazene  6% 1
  potassium nitrate 38% 5
  nitrocellulose  3% 1
  aluminium silicate 22% 4
  pentaerythritol tetranitrate  3% 1

The second advantageous formulation comprises:

  diazodinitrophenol 27% 5
  tetrazene  6% 1
  potassium nitrate 36% 5
  nitrocellulose  4% 1
  aluminium silicate 20% 4



    Copyright 2003   All rights reserved.   Revised: 04/03/22.                                             Web Author, David Biggs
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