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HH2.us   aka   HydroElectricPower.com


https://www.hydrolectricpower.com     http://hh2.us

Here is the HH2 Cell.

This is one of HH2's Separation Cells. It consists of 2 water chambers that are isolated by a dividing wall between them. The wall allows the 2 compartments to be filled from a single fill port, located on the top of the cell. There are passage ways for the water to fill each side. They are located near the bottom of the container. The purpose of the wall is to keep separated, any gases that are made on either side of the wall.

There are 2 electrodes; one on each side of the wall. The electrodes get connected to a DC power source. The side with the positive electrode attracts Oxygen bubbles (gas) that form on the electrode surface, and the negative electrode attracts Hydrogen bubbles that form on its surface. Each gas rises to the top of its chamber and is allowed to exit by way of an isolated opening. That is how the separation of the gases works.

The late great Michael Faraday tells us that ion flow, through the water, is not limited by the distance between the electrodes. Although we can not see them, ions are attracted to their opposite potential. In this cell, ions are forced to travel through openings in the lower parts of the water chambers. Electron flow takes the same route. Electron flow is from the Negative terminal, around and down the Negative electrode, then through the water to the bottom of the Positive electrode and then up it.

The size of the electrodes determine the amount of amperage (electron flow) that these electrodes can handle, without causing excess heat to be created. The late great Michael Faraday determined that 1 square inch of electrode surface area can dissipate 0.54 amps, efficiently without causing excess heat. If amperage exceeds that amount, per square inch, then electron flow gets restricted, and that causes them to pile up at the water crossing. The result is increased gas production, and heat. These electrodes, by design, cause electrons to pile up at the water crossing.

Basically, this Cell is, can be, a water heater. The late great Michael Faraday tells us that electrolysis of water is most efficient when the voltage between the electrodes is a minimum of 1.23 vdc, when using Battery Acid as the electrolyte. As voltage increases, so does the heat it causes. Today, we use safer electrolytes. KOH minimum voltage is 1.67 vdc; NaOH voltage is 1.69 vdc. The company represented on this web page, also suggests the use of Salt and Salt Water; a potentially dangerous electrolyte (high concentrations can cause lightening strikes under water). Regardless, the point I want to make is that this Separation Cell is intended to be used by 12 vdc Power Systems that supply from 12 to 14.7 vdc to these 2 electrodes. That is more than 5 times greater than Faraday tells us to use. The result will be a buildup of heat in the water, sooner than anticipated; and this cell operates Hot; 165 F.

It is very obvious that this company has a primary interest in Heating the water in this cell. The heat causes water vapor. The heat causes increased amperage flow; which causes more heat and water vapor. And guess what; water vapor is one of the main reasons Electrolysis of water improves fuel efficiency. You can not see water vapor; steam yes; condensation yes; but not vapor. It is naturally produced when water is moved; or heated; or cooled. It is naturally created when hydrogen pops out of the water; when bubbles burst. It is also naturally exists in the contents of the Air. You can not filter it all out of electrolysis; using a bubbler, nor a dryer, nor a condenser.

The late great Michael Faraday also tells us that 2 electrodes are capable of producing 10.44 milliliters of combined gas, hydrogen and oxygen, from 1 ampere of electrical current. 10 amps would produce 104 ML per minute of combined hydrogen and oxygen gases. If the electrodes in this cell are 1 inch in diameter and 6 inches long, they would be capable of handling 10 amps, efficiently, without causing excess heat (from the amperage). That is not much gas. But then, it does not take much gas to make a reduction in polluting exhaust emissions; especially with the introduction of water vapor.

I make one other observation. Electron flow travels down the negative electrode and crosses the water -- At The Tip of the negative electrode. Why? Because the tip is the closest point of contact with the positive electrode. The electrical pressure is strongest at the tip, close to the holes that allow the water to pass between chambers. This causes an inefficiency for Heat, as it is most prevalent at the water crossing. Electrons are not equally distributed across the entire surface of the electrodes; at least, not for the forming of surface gases.

One more note. The HH2 system is said to not be the bomb that HHO systems are. That is true. But, HH2 injects both the hydrogen and the oxygen, it produces, into the Air way. Should the engine not be operating, and the HH2 system is producing, H and O will definitely accumulate in the Air way, intake manifold, and ignition could cause an explosion. Dr. Z. explained to me, and I quote: "When we input the Hydrogen vapor into the air stream it binds with incoming nitrogen and when we input the Oxygen vapor into the air stream it binds with incoming nitrogen, thereby the HH2 vapors cannot recombine to create HHO gas. Ergo, there cannot ever be an explosion", end of quote. Well Dr. Z. explain to me how Hydrogen collects in the ceiling when it is allowed to escape in a room? Is it possible you are missing a Timing parameter. Would it not take time, for the lightest gas in the world, to combine with nitrogen in the air? And would that also be the case for the oxygen. While at it, explain why we find oxygen in the air, when most of the content of the air is Nitrogen. It is common knowledge that 2 parts of Hydrogen gas, and 1 part of Oxygen gas, make a stoichiometric explosive combination. True, Separation Cells reduce the risk of explosions within the Cell. They do not reduce that risk if both gases are being added to the same Air way. If allowed to accumulate together, even in the presence of Nitrogen, they can reach Explosive levels.

If this company were using 2 volts DC to power this cell, then it would be more efficient, heat wise, as long as the electrodes do not receive more amperage than they can efficiently carry. That is my review of this product. It is based on the Laws of Electrolysis of Water, written by the late great Michael Faraday, and based on very limited information available on this companies web site, and their youtube videos. They say they do not use stainless steel electrodes. I will just leave it at that. Knowledgeable HHO experimenters know that 316L stainless steel does not leach chromium 6 when conditioned properly, and operated within the amperage limits established by the Active Surface Area of the electrodes; so says Bob Boyce; the Man when it comes to HHO.



    Copyright 2003   All rights reserved.   Revised: 04/03/22.                                             Web Author, David Biggs
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