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Cell Configurations



"Most Popular HHO Configuration"

This configuration is 1 Stack; a single set of 7 Plates.
  • There are 5 Neutral Plates between the Negative and the Positive Unipolar Plates.
  • Unipolar means they have only 1 electrical charge/polarity (positive or negative).
  • Each Neutral is Bipolar; meaning one side is more positive and the other side is more negative.
  • Each of the Neutrals creates a water compartment.
  • Each water compartment divides the Operating Voltage in Half.
  • 6 water compartments reduce a 12 Volt positive and negative to 2 Volts between adjacent neutral plates.
  • Reducing voltage between the plates, extends Cell operating time...by reducing heat created by amperage ....as it moves from plate to plate.
  • 1 ampere input produces 62.64 ML per minute of HHO
  • 16 amps produces 1.002 Liters per minute of HHO

"Most Popular Configuration"

This configuration is 2 Stacks; 2 sets of 7 Plates.
  • Each Stack is sharing the Positive Plate.
  • There are 13 Plates total.
  • Each Stack operates independent of the other.
  • Voltage between adjacent plates is still 2 Volts; if using a 12 Volt power source.
  • Each Stack draws its own amperage.
  • Total amperage is measured at the Positive Plate.
  • 2 amps input (1 amp per stack) produces 125.28 ML PM of HHO
  • 32 amps input (16 amps per stack) produces 2.004 LPM


This configuration is 1 Stack; a single set of Plates.
  • The 2 Parallel plates are connected to the positive and negative power source.
  • They are Unipolar; meaning they have only one electrical charge/polarity.
  • There is only one water compartment between positive and negative.
  • Voltage between the plates will always be that of the power source.
  • 1 amp input produces 10.44 ML HHO per minute


This configuration is 6 Stacks; 6 sets of 2 Plates; created using 7 plates.
  • Each set of plates creates a water compartment.
  • Each water compartment is between positive and negative plates.
  • All plate are Unipolar; connected directly to the power source.
  • Each water compartment is a Stack
  • Amperage from the power source is divide as it is distributed to each Stack.
  • When using a 12 Volt power source, 12 Volts can be measured across any positive and negative plate.
  • Total amperage can be measured at the battery terminal.
  • Heat is controlled by adding many Stacks. Each Stack reduces amperage flow to other Stacks.
  • 1 amp input to each stack (6 amps total) produces 62.62 ML HHO
  • 96 amps will produce 1 LPM of HHO


"Design - Minimizes Current Leakage"

This configuration is 3 Stacks of 3 Unipolar Plates.
  • Positive and Negative are separated by 2 groups of Neutrals. (dark grey set & light grey set)
  • Neutrals are Unipolar.
  • Using a 12 Volt Power Source, voltage between the Plates would be reduced to 4 volts.
  • 1 amp input produces 31.32 ML HHO
  • 1 amp to each Negative produces 62.64 ML HHO
    (Same as 7 Plate Series Stack produced with 1 amp)
  • Amperage from the Battery divides in half as it travels to the surface of the 2 Unipolar Negative Plates
  • If using 30 Amps, 15A travels across each Negative as it is attracted towards the more positive Unipolar Neutral Plate between them.
  • 15 amps crosses the water from each Negative and 30 amps is collected on the first Unipolar Neutral plate of the first Neutral Plate Group.
  • The 30 amps divides again as it is distributed to the other 2 Neutrals in Group 1.
  • 15 crosses each of these Group 1 Neutrals, then crosses the water to Neutral Group 2.
  • The first Group 2 Neutral receives 15 amps on each side of the plate; a total of 30 amps
  • Amperage is split again as it is being drawn to the other plates in Neutral Group 2.
  • 15 amps crosses to each side of the Positive plate and heads towards the Battery.
  • This particular configuration uses 9 plates to makes 6 water compartments for HHO production. It effectively creates 2 Series Stacks that each have 2 Neutrals between positive and negative.


    Number of Plates : References the difference in efficiency comparing cells with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 plates in Series. A chart shows the required amperage needed to produce 1 LPM of HHO -- for each cell plate configuration. It also shows the plate voltage, and Current Density needed for Continuous operation.









    Copyright 2003   All rights reserved.   Revised: 04/03/22.                                             Web Author, David Biggs
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