What happened to the Firestorm
sparkplug developed by Robert Krupa? It produced a plasma spark that allowed
the air fuel ratio to be adjusted to 40 to 1; talk about running lean.
Sparkplug manufacturers refused to make it for him. They said it would last
forever. Imagine that. So Krupa bought his own spark plug company. Where is
Today we know we can mist water over a high voltage arc and
produce an explosive flame. The arc destroys the water molecules. Tomorrow,
we may run our motors off a special sparkplug that is capable of igniting
water mist. The plug was invented by Robert Krupa, about 15 years ago. Could
it be that changing your spark plugs, installing a hotter coil, and a set of
low resistant plug wires, is all that is needed
to convert your motor to run on water vapor?
Firestorm Spark Plug
Patent US 6060822
How to make Plasma
Left = Firestorm plug firing
Right = Conventional Plug firing
On July 12, 2008, I had a telephone conversation
with Robert Krupa. I was so honored; he is the man when it comes to spark
plugs. His world has been turned upside down but the Lord has righted it.
Listen folks, the Firestorm is going to be in production very soon; possibly
only a few weeks away. What did Robert want to talk about? Believe it or
not, he wanted to talk about Cells.
Mr. Krupa is not exactly in hiding, but in a way he
is- so I will not disclose the location. He said he accepts and responds to
email. You can contact him at
The man has an army of Angels.
August 12, 2008, a note from Robert:
I just got out of a meeting. I will be
showing "PLASMA" by 10:30am tomorrow. In 30 days, production will begin.
By the end of the year it should be in Full Production.
January 21, 2009:
I had a telephone conversation with
Robert, this afternoon. There were serious problems with the manufacture
of the New Firestorm (again). Some of the parts did not meet the specifications
that were required in the contract. Robert has obtained a new financial
backer and a new manufacturing location. He is sending me a 22 minute
video of the new Firestorm Plug in action. It demonstrates the Firestorm
igniting water vapor. I will post the new video ASAP.
March 24th, 2011
I have not received Robert Krupa's new
video of the Firestorm Spark Plug. I have emailed him twice. His last
response was "I am working on it as we speak".
Frankly, I am not wasting anymore time
on Robert Krupa. I know of people manufacturing his plug, a set at a
time. They can be had Robert. So why can you Not manufacture them one
set at a time?
"Robert Krupa, here is the Ignition System you wanted for your Firestorm
The AquaPulser is a low power, high energy Pulsed Direct Current Ignition
Module. Could it be a Radiant Plasma Generator? It wires up between your
existing spark plug wires and your spark plug. The system consists of an
Ignition Module and one or more Distribution Blocks. The Module generates
high current DC that is sent to the spark plug - at the same time the spark
plug fires. In other words, at the time your on board spark system sends
voltage to the spark plug, the AquaPulser adds the high DC current - at the
same instance. That means you have both your normal high Voltage output from
your coil - plus the high DC Current from the AquaPulser. The Distribution
Box isolates the vehicles ignition system from the AquaPulser.
The AquaPulser system can NOT be used with Ignition Systems that have
individual coils connected to each spark plug. (but Nology Hotwires can
[they are below] )
You will need to replace your Resistor type spark plugs with
You can not use PulStar spark plugs with the AquaPulser system.
You also need to use near zero resistant spark plug wires between the
AquaPulser system and the spark plugs.
Coming Soon - from AquaPulser:
AquaPulser web-site (AquaPulser is now being
sold by Blue Phoenix).
Blue Phoenix Ignition web-site
This is an experimental module for researchers to experiment with all
fuels including water mist. It may be possible to run a motor on water
mist if the only factor is the energy of the plasma discharge. We can
build much higher energy plasma modules with 1000 volt or higher
capacitors, however a new spark plug has to be designed to handle the
increased plasma energy.
The goal for plug designers should be to come up with a design that
ejects the plasma into the combustion chamber minimizing plug wear and
increase efficiency. (Cage designs are not recommended for plasma
We also suggest experimentation with fuels that blend with water.
ethanol + water mix for example.
Using Plasma Arc to ignite our fuel is the
easiest solution to improving fuel consumption. It opens the door for
alternate fuels. Non-petroleum fuels such as Alcohol mixed with water may
lead us to our next goal - which is to run our motors on water alone. This
is very do-able. I believe all we need is the Firestorm Spark Plug and the
AquaPulser. Robert Krupa, it is time for you to put up or shut up. We are
tired of your excuses. Make your plugs; one at a time if you have to - but
make them available to us.
It’s called a pulse plug – and here’s why its technology should
be in your engine.
Until now, every gallon of gas you bought was ignited by a simple spark
plug- an outdated technology that has barely changed in 100 years. But
now you can change to a new eco-friendly pulse plug that uses an advanced
technology to make every drop of gas burn better and cleaner.
Here’s how it works: Electrical energy from the
engine’signition coil is stored in the
built-in capacitor inside the plug. At the exact moment needed, that energy is
released in an amazingly powerful and quick (two nanosecond) high-energy
pulse equal to 5,000,000 watts of power.
The result: The improved combustion efficiency
burns fuel sooner and more effectively, which equals improved mpg, less CO2
based emissions, and better overall drivability. Even the green get
greener! For example, in this EPA US06 fuel consumption lab test, even
the icon of fuel economy and eco-friendliness- the Toyota Prius- saw notable
improvements in mpg.
Pulse plugs may look similar to spark plugs on the outside, but inside
the technological advances of PulStar are evident. Pulse plugs feature a
unique capacitor-based circuit that captures energy normally wasted by spark
plugs and generates a spark with 10,000 times greater energy than any spark
plug; the best is only 500 watts. Pulstar does this without having to change your Ignition Wires and Coil Packs.
Greater Engine Torque
Quicker Throttle Response
Better Fuel Economy
Improved Towing Capacity
The following Feedback is mine,
and my families _ daddyo44907:
I installed the PulStar spark plugs on my
daughters Toyota Yaris. It has a 1.5 liter 4 cylinder engine. My
son-in-law and I took it for a test drive. Right out of
the gate, the car ran smoother and had more noticeable power. I had him
stomp down of the peddle as we approached the top of steep hill. Wow,
the torque pushed us back into the seats and the front end raised up.
With Pulstar, the power
curve starts sooner, reaches a higher peek, and lasts longer. It makes the
Yaris fun to drive. My son-in-law tells me the Yaris is getting better
fuel mileage, but he does not know how much. He is convinced that the
PulStar spark plugs were well worth the money.
July 24, 2010, I put a set of PulStar spark
plugs in my Ford Taurus Station Wagon. It is a 2001 with a 3 Liter 6
cylinder, with 2 valves per cylinder. Instantly, the motor ran smoother
and quieter. I do not have to press the gas peddle as far as I used too.
It shifts gears sooner. There is more power on the low end and high end;
it comes on sooner and lasts longer. I took it out on the express way and
tromped it; Wow; Holy Moley; it felt like I had a V8. I was startled by
the power gain. I mean it really took off. Next, I checked the fuel
mileage to see if it improved. I had been getting 16 mpg in town and 24
highway. Now I get 18 to 21 in town and 27.5 highway, on E10 ethanol (90% gasoline),
I had one person complain that his V8 tuck ran
only on 4 cylinders after installing the PulStar spark plugs. He asked if
I had any suggestions. I was only able to tell him to contact PulStar
support; they guarantee the plugs or your money back. The manufacturer
recommends using caution while installing the plugs. They
caution against dropping the plugs; that can damage the internal
components. They also recommend adjusting the "gap" to your vehicles
requirements (that is a timing issue). They also stated that the gap can
be 0.040 on most vehicles that require higher gaps.
My No. 1 son-in-law
is a chief mechanic for a Security company. He put the PulStar's in
several trucks and did not tell the drivers. They all came back to him
and asked "What did you do to my truck? It runs great now. Wow". He is
sending me feedback, along with mpg improvements that were around 2.5 to
4 mpg city. Not bad at all. It is feedback like this that drives me to
telling you about Pulstar Pulse Plugs.
computers take a while to adjust to the PulStar Pulse plugs; as noted in
the Dyno testing of the Harley Davidson motorcycle video.
If you have Feedback
on these PulStar plugs, please let me know. I will post the information.
If we can get enough people to purchase this product, we can get the
price down. Originally they cost $50 each; now they are $10 to $14 -
depending on the type of metal electrode you choose. Keep this company in business. Do not let big oil buy this
Feedback on Pulstar
spark plugs. Had it installed on my 2005 Honda CRV. All I can say is
wow! More than noticeable increase in power at low end. Will report on
gas mileage. Thanks for all the info.
PulStar News : Honeywell to manufacture
PulStar in their Autolite Spark Plug Plant
PulStar News: EMAX Enterprises to
manufacture and distribute PulStar in China
Pulstar Pulse Plugs for Harley
You can Buy Pulstar at the following US
Advance Auto Parts can order these sparkplugs. They can get them
overnight in most cases. They do not charge for shipping.
You can not use PulStar plugs if you already
have CDI ignition or CDI plug wires.
You can not use AquaPulser with these spark
You can not use Nology Hotwires with these
spark plugs (CDI).
Pulstar® pulse plugs are available on the internet from:
Pulse plugs incorporate a pulse circuit, which stores incoming electrical
energy from the ignition system and releases the stored energy in a powerful
pulse of power. Instead of 50 watts of peak power typical of all spark
plugs, pulse plugs deliver up to 1 million watts of peak power. So where
does the pulse plug get its incredible power?
When the ignition signal is sent to a traditional spark plug, it begins to
ionize the spark gap. This means that the voltage builds in the gap until a
spark can be formed. During this ionization phase, which lasts about 5
millionths of a second, the incoming voltage (which has nowhere to go) heats
up ignition components including the spark plug. This is wasted energy. When
the ignition voltage overcomes the resistance in the spark gap, the spark is
created with an initial discharge of approximately 50 watts. Once created,
the spark resides between the electrodes at very low power for over a period
of 30 millionths of a second.
What is different about a pulse plug is that instead of heating ignition
parts during the ionization phase, this energy is stored in the integral
circuit inside the pulse plug. When the ignition power overcomes the
resistance in the spark gap, the pulse circuit discharges all of its
accumulated power - 1 million watts - in 2 billionths of a second!
Tests at an independent laboratory demonstrated how PulStar™ pulse plugs
burn fuel faster and more efficiently than spark plugs. In a high-speed
video on the companies website, which was shot at 68,000 frames per second,
you can actually see the ignition plume of PulStar™ growing at more than
twice the speed of the spark plug. PulStar™ generates a much larger spark
than spark plugs, which reduces overall burn time and burns the fuel more
completely. This faster fuel burn increases cylinder pressure by as much as
10% allowing the engine to generate the same power with less fuel resulting
in better fuel economy.
CAUTION: PulStar™ model recommendations are for stock, unmodified engines.
If you have added an aftermarket turbocharger, supercharger, nitrous or any
other product that increases displacement or compression to your engine you
will require a colder heat range pulse plug in order to avoid possible
damage to your engine.
Note: This plug is available
on the market, the Firestorm is not!
Federal-Mogul claims up to 10% efficiency gains from its new Advanced
Corona Ignition System - in testing.
A NEW attempt to improve on the traditional spark-ignition
method for petrol engines has been revealed in the shape of a high-intensity
plasma burst – otherwise known as a corona – which utilises electrical
energy in a more controlled way than is possible with a spark.
Michigan-based international automotive supplier
Federal-Mogul is behind the technology, which it says has brought fuel
efficiency gains of up to 10 per cent in testing compared with conventional
The Advanced Corona Ignition System (ACIS) – which was
unveiled at the recent Frankfurt motor show – is claimed to produce a
faster, larger ignition source that is spread throughout the combustion
chamber, so a more thorough burn of the air-fuel mixture is possible,
allowing engines to run leaner, with higher compression ratios and increased
amounts of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR).
In addition, ignition timing can be more accurately managed
to make the most of precise direct-injection fuel systems, while enabling a
quicker burn that ensures more of the energy contained in fuel is converted
to mechanical motion.
Laser Spark Plug
Federal-Mogul president and CEO Jose Maria Alapont said the
company’s testing – and that of its customers – has demonstrated fuel
economy and emissions improvements “at levels unachievable with spark
The company has “optimised” ACIS to be easily implemented in
high-volume applications for “both current and future powertrain
architectures” by designing it to fit in the space occupied by a
conventional ignition setup, enabling engine manufacturers to build the
technology into their products “with no adverse impact on engine design or
Another claimed advantage over conventional spark plugs is
that ACIS does not suffer from electrode erosion, resulting in greater
reliability and potentially longer service intervals.
In addition, Federal-Mogul also claims the materials used in
ACIS are “already proven in automotive applications to ensure durability
throughout the designed service life”.
Federal-Mogul powertrain energy director for ACIS Kristapher
Mixell described the technology as game-changing and one that presents
possibilities for further improving existing internal combustion technology.
“We have already recorded fuel consumption improvements of up
to 10 per cent on a 1.6-litre turbocharged gasoline direct-injection engine,
and there is potential for further improvements,” he said.
“The technology enables powertrain engineers to more
efficiently develop combustion strategies, such as stratified charge, lean
burn and high levels of EGR, to reduce fuel consumption and exhaust
Engineers are beginning to see the humble spark plug –which
has been around since 1860 and was first made commercially viable by Robert
Bosch in 1898 – as one of the weakest links in the race to squeeze more
efficiency out of the petrol engine.
ACIS is not the only spark plug alternative in development. A
Japan-based team of researchers – as well as separate attempts by Colorado
State University in the US and Liverpool University in the UK – have been
investigating the use of lasers for initiating internal combustion.
The Colorado team patented a special type of optical fibre
that could withstand the high levels of energy required to create a spark in
an internal combustion engine, but the British team said it struggled to
deliver a strong enough laser beam into the combustion chamber without
directly focussing the beam – generated by a large laser unit that would not
fit under a car bonnet – through a lens placed in a hollowed-out
conventional spark plug.
However, the team in Japan – backed by the Japan Science and
Technical Agency with support from Toyota-owned component manufacturer Denso
– overcame the challenges by using ceramics to make a powerful composite
laser just 9mm wide by 11mm long that generated two beams able to
simultaneously start combustion in separate areas of the combustion chamber.
Another school of thought being pursued by General Motors is
to use compression ignition for petrol engines – like a diesel engine, using
the heat generated by compression to ignite the fuel/air mixture.
Mr Alapont said Federal-Mogul will continue developing spark
plug technology alongside ACIS, given there are expected to be more than 1.2
billion cars on the road worldwide by 2015 – ensuring a continued high level
of demand for conventional spark ignition systems.
Brisk Racing developed this plug for Lamborghini. It produces a plasma like
spark. The plug requires a very hot coil and very low resistant plug wires.
I installed the plugs and noticed smoother running, but did not get any
power gains or MPG gains. I installed the following set of ignition wires -
and man - what a power increase. Purchased from the website below:
Available at Brisk
Racing Website Advantages Demonstration
way to increase your fuel mileage…not a bad idea these days! Also increases
horsepower and torque for better engine performance and a more responsive
ride. The MPG/Plus Performance Ignition Set features near zero-ohm
resistance, solid stainless steel core wires, plus an RFI/EFI Hybrid
Protection Ring that prevents stereo noise and allows full coil power to
reach the spark plug. The result is full power, a hotter spark, more
complete combustion, better fuel efficiency, more power and better overall
performance…without replacing the coil! Premium technology throughout:
stainless steel inner core for high tensile strength, silver plated copper
outer core for high conductivity, EPDM insulation, fiberglass braiding for
strength, 500° silicone jacket and boots and heavy-duty stainless steel
snap-lock terminals at the spark plug! Meets or exceeds OEM specifications.
Limited lifetime warranty.
Jcwhitney.com Available from
Nology HotWires are the most
technologically advanced ignition wires available. HotWires create the most
powerful spark possible. HotWires are engineered with a special built-in
capacitor, exclusive only to HotWires. This revolutionary design allows
energy from the ignition coil to accumulate in the capacitor until the
voltage at the spark plug electrodes reaches the ionization point. At that
split second point the entire power of the stored spark is discharged at
once, creating a spark 300 times more powerful. The result is faster, more
complete combustion, and most importantly,
You need to use Non-Resistor spark plugs in order to achieve a Plasma
Spark with these wires.
You can not use PulStar spark plugs with these wires.
Nology's new line of high performance ignition coils features the most
impressive performance data. The application of all new technology makes
these coils second to none. ProFire ignition coils are on the cutting
edge of technology. In order to supply the energy needed for trouble free
high performance and high rpm operation, they were especially designed to
have the quickest rise time with substantial energy reserves. The available
spark voltage is in excess of 45,000 volts over the entire rpm range, and
spark energy is equally impressive. Despite their size, the energy storage
capability and power reserves of ProFire are extra high. ProFire
will deliver just the kind of spark you need for maximum performance. When
the best is just good enough, use ProFire.
Can be used with AquaPulser
Can be used with Nology Hotwires
Can be used with PulStar spark plugs
Water - Plasma Spark
Plugs (59 page document)
Engine running on Plasma spark - using water as fuel